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WeChat rolls out ‘mini programs’ in a bid to kill off apps

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Tencent chose to use “mini programs” because Apple would not permit the use of the word “app”, according to Ma Huateng, CEO of the US$240 billion firm that runs WeChat.

After months of beta testing, many companies have these instant apps ready for use within WeChat.

“Mini programs are deliberately meant to be discovered socially through friends or in the real world by scanning QR codes. There is no official app store for mini programs,” says Matthew Brennan, co-founder of China Channel and a keen watcher of how WeChat is used by businesses.

Google showed off a similar feature called Instant Apps for Android in May last year, but it has yet to launch.


Great mall of WeChat

Once used, these instant apps remain listed within a user’s WeChat, but can be removed easily with a swipe – just like a message.

One additional feature available only on Android: the WeChat instant apps can be pinned to your phone’s homescreen.


Although it’s early days, some of the initial instant apps show the huge potential of the feature – such as ride-hailing giant Didi Chuxing’s live timings for nearby bus routes.

Photo credit: Tech in Asia.

This Prisma-esque photo app is another powerful example, applying artsy filters faster than Prisma itself.

Photo credit: Tech in Asia.

Browse nearby cinema screenings and buy tickets for Rogue One:

Photo credit: Tech in Asia.

See: The amazing ways WeChat is used in China

Developers – both startups and major brands – will likely create WeChat instant apps for very particular things, rather than one app in the conventional way done on the app stores, an entrepreneur involved in the WeChat beta over the past few months tells me. For example, a food delivery startup might create a lunch instant app devoted to office workers, another for coffee deliveries, and then yet another for pizza lovers.

WeChat instant apps are an evolution of its brand accounts, which allow for online shopping and a wide range of other services.

With so many features possible, the new “mini programs” pose a challenge to Apple’s App Store and to the array of Android app stores popular in China. They could also pull people away from Baidu and other search engines.

Half of WeChat users spend at least 90 minutes each day within the app. With its “mini programs,” China’s social media giant wants even more of people’s time.

(Updated 90 minutes after publishing: Added screenshots of the movie ticketing service.)

Editing by Neha Margosa and Terence Lee

(And yes, we’re serious about ethics and transparency. More information here.)

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